Today in Canadian History (Part 2)

1880-06-24 First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
1880-07-16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
1881-05-24 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
1883-11-18 Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
1884-02-07 Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
1885-03-19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
1885-03-26 Louis Riel’s forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
1885-05-12 Battle of Batoche, French Canadians rebel against Canada
1885-05-15 Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
1885-07-01 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1885-07-02 Canada’s North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
1885-11-07 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
1885-11-16 Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and “Father of Manitoba”, Louis Riel is executed for treason aged 41.
1889-06-03 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
1890-07-01 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
1891-06-16 John Abbott becomes Canada’s third prime minister.
1891-06-29 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
Inventor James NaismithInventor James Naismith 1891-12-15 James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
1891-12-19 Canadian Rugby Union forms
1892-12-05 Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.
1897-11-24 Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
1898-06-13 Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
1898-10-08 1st Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen’s, 3-2
1900-04-19 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
1900-11-07 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
1901-04-19 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6
1902-06-15 Canada’s Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
1902-07-29 Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US & Canada forms
1903-10-20 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
1904-09-26 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
1905-09-01 Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces
1906-03-27 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
1906-08-29 Bridge in St Lawrence Canada caves in; 70 die
1907-04-19 11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24
1907-09-23 Proclamation sets fineness & weight of silver & bronze coins of Canada
1907-10-17 Guglielmo Marconi’s company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
1907-11-07 Test tokens are struck in 1st production of Canadian coins
1908-01-02 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
1909-12-11 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
1910-04-19 14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4
1910-05-04 Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent
1910-05-04 – Canadian parliament accept creation of Royal Canadian Navy
1910-05-14 Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins
1910-05-17 Canada sets the designs for the 1-50 cent coins
1911-07-01 Proclamation removes “Dei Gratia” from Canada’s coins
1911-10-21 Manitoba, Saskatchewan & Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union
1911-11-15 Proclamation sets designs for Canadian $5 & $10 gold coins
1911-12-29 Proclamation restores “Dei Gratia” from Canada’s coins
1914-04-20 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
1914-05-29 Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence R; 1024 die
1914-08-22 Canada’s Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
1914-09-05 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins
1914-09-09 World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
1915-04-19 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
1916-02-03 Canada’s original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down
1916-03-16 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
1917-01-02 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
1917-04-09 Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
1917-07-25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a “temporary” measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
1918-08-08 Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks at Amiens
1918-08-29 Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
1918-10-25 Canadian steamship “Princess Sophia” hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
1919-06-06 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
1919-12-20 Canadian Natl Railways established (N America’s longest, 50,000 KM)
1920-02-01 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
1920-04-15 New Canadian small cent coin is released
1920-11-01 American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
1921-02-14 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
1921-08-10 FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian Is of Campobello
1921-12-29 William Lyon Mackenzie King succeeded Arthur Meighen as Canadian PM
1922-01-11 Insulin 1st used to treat diabetes (Leonard Thompson, 14, of Canada)
1922-06-29 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge “freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes.”
1924-03-27 Canada recognizes USSR
1924-04-01 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1925-05-21 Canadians allow to sell beer
1925-06-10 Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto Arena.
1925-06-29 Canada House opens in London, England.
1926-04-19 30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4
1926-06-29 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
1926-07-01 Canada restores gold standard
1926-09-25 Canadian government of MacKenzie King forms
1926-11-10 Vincent Massey becomes 1st Canadian minister to USA
1927-02-18 US & Canada begin diplomatic relations
1927-06-01 Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens
1927-08-07 Peace Bridge between US & Canada dedicated
1928-02-19 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
1928-06-24 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada.
1929-01-02 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
1929-03-22 USCG vessel sank Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor
1929-04-19 33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6
1929-09-21 1st legal pass in Canada was thrown by Gerry Seiberling & 1st reception by Ralph Losie of Calgary Altomah-Tigers against Edmonton
1929-10-18 Women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.
1930-07-29 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
1930-08-07 Richard Bedford Bennet forms Canadian government
1930-09-29 1st Canadian football game played under lights, Hamilton-UBC
1930-10-29 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
1931-02-28 Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
1931-10-10 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada’s Big 4
1931-12-01 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
1931-12-11 Brit Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, NZ, South Africa, Ireland, Newfndlnd

 

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